To obtain a preliminary injunction in Virginia, a plaintiff must show (1) that he is likely to succeed on the merits; (2) that he is likely to suffer irreparable harm in the absence of preliminary relief; (3) that the balance of equities tips in his favor; and (4) that an injunction is in the public interest. Real Truth About Obama v. Federal Election Com’n, 575 F.3d 342 (4th Cir. 2009). To enjoin an ex-employee from violating his non-compete agreement, getting past the first element requires the plaintiff to persuade the court that the noncompete is no broader than necessary to protect a legitimate business interest. Courts will examine the function, scope, duration, and overall reasonableness of the restriction when making this determination. An opinion issued earlier this month in Fairfax County Circuit Court demonstrates what a high burden this can be for a plaintiff seeking to prevent its employees from working for a competitor.
Wings, LLC, provides commercial and residential vinyl, fabric, and leather repair services in Northern Virginia, the District of Columbia, Southern Maryland, and West Virginia. Wings’ customers consist primarily of auto dealerships and collision centers who hire Wings to repair car interiors on site. Wings hired two gentlemen as vinyl, velour and leather repair technicians and required them to sign agreements containing non-solicitation and non-competition provisions that prohibited them from working as technicians anywhere in Virginia, Maryland, West Virginia, and any other state in which Wings transacted business, for a period of two years following the termination of employment. (See pages 2 and 3 of the opinion for the full text of the noncompete provision).